Dr. Syed Javaid Khurshid Presented a Paper on Water Scarcity – A Security Threat At National Conference On Water Problems and their Solutions organized by Pakistan Nuclear Society at Islamabad Hotel, Islamabad on 15th April, 2019
In his presentation Dr. Khurshid highlighted the fact that Pakistan is a water stressed country and may face scarcity of water in coming years. Quoting from IMF report “Issues in managing water challenges and policy instruments: regional perspectives and case studies”, he drew attention to Pakistan’s ranking as third among the countries facing acute water shortage, Water is recognized the world over as essential to all life forms on plant and promotion of hygiene among people. Dr. Khurshid, during his presentation, spoke about water a central element of human security as well as beside being essential for survival of animal and plant life.
Policy makers in supported by people in Pakistan would need to pay urgent attention to build water reservoirs to store fresh water. Presently 80% of fresh water goes into the sea annually, Other countries have already taken measures to store this precious commodity. India has a storage capacity of 190 days as compared to Pakistan’s capacity to store water for 30 days only. Advanced countries have even more capacity, the US, for example, has storage capacity of 900 days.
In future water shortage may lead to conflicts between states which share the same source of fresh water. Three eastern rivers flowing into Pakistan are controlled by India and it is threatening to divert water from the three western rivers which according to the agreement are for exclusive use of Pakistan. Indian PM Modi has already used water political rhetoric by mentioning in 2016 that “blood and water cannot flow together” and later on mentioning that he would stop flow of water to bring Pakistan to its knees. Pakistan has to take adequate measures to ward this threat.