The potential use of offensive cyber operations against nuclear systems will increase the possibility of war in the future and pose an urgent risk due to the vulnerabilities that exist in nuclear infrastructure. From network attacks, man-in-the-middle attacks, packet sniffing, denial of service attacks (DDOS), Wi-Fi attacks, cyber-spoofing, supply chain attacks, radio attacks, crypto attacks, rubber ducky attacks, air-gapped network attacks, spyware attacks and more, malicious actors have a range of tools that can jeopardize the integrity of nuclear command, control, and communication (C3) systems. This study will explore the offensive cyber threats that threaten nuclear command and control systems.
Syed Sadam Hussain Shah is a research assistant at the Centre for International Strategic Studies in Islamabad. His writings appeared at Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, CISS Insight, and Karadeniz University, Turkey.