This paper attempts to investigate whether the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) can play a meaningful role in defusing the tension in the bilateral relations of India and Pakistan. The purpose of this study is to explore if SCO has a role in bringing both India and Pakistan closer. With the help of both primary and secondary sources, this study looks at India Pakistan relations through the paradigm of liberalism. Although liberalism sees resolution of bilateral territorial disputes in economic interdependence, this research has concluded that Pakistan considers resolution of outstanding disputes, especially Kashmir, as a precursor to the bilateral trade. Hence, the role of regional institutions such as Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) will remain contingent upon these factors.
liberal institutionalism, economic interdependence, shanghai cooperation organization.
Riaz Khokhar is a Research Assistant at the Center for International Strategic Studies. Mr. Khokhar holds a Masters degree in International Relations from Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad. His research interests include Pakistan’s foreign policy affairs, strategic dimensions of world affairs and nexus of security and economic issues among South Asian states. He wrote his Masters thesis on Pakistan’s Foreign Policy Posture after Donald Trump’s Coming into Power, completed in May 2017.